Healthy eating for a better life
A healthy, well-balanced diet is vital in order to stay well and ward off illness. Principles of a healthy diet include:
Starchy foods carbohydrates contain nutrients you need for energy and include bread, potatoes, rice and other cereals. These should provide the bulk of most meals.
At least five portions of fruit and vegetables should be eaten every day, be they fresh or frozen, canned or dried. Fruit and vegetables provide many of the vitamins and elements necessary for health, while also containing the fibre needed to ensure a healthy and efficient digestive system.
Proteins are essential for maintaining your body's health but should be eaten in moderation. These are found in foods such as eggs, meat, cheese, peas and beans.
Fish like salmon, sardines, trout, mackerel and pilchards contain oils and there is some evidence that these oils help to protect against heart disease. Aim for two portions of fish per week, one of which should be oily.
Fat is an important part of a balanced adult diet but we tend to eat too much of it, so choose low fat foods and semi-skimmed milk and grill food whenever possible as opposed to frying.
Avoid too many Sugar-laden, fatty foods like cakes, biscuits, sweets and sugary drinks - and consume less salt. Cut down on salty foods like crisps, packet sauces and ready meals. Use less salt in cooking.
For more commonsense advice on staying healthy with a balanced diet, talk to us at The Practice or visit one of our recommended sites:
Patient UK - link to page on Healthy Eating - a summary
NHS Direct - link to page on Diet, food and nutrition